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4 types of Dental Cleaning Methods: Cleaning Tools| Disadvantages

A tooth is one of the essential parts of a human being. We use our teeth daily to eat and enjoy different foods. So, you should keep your teeth clean to prevent them from bacteria and gum diseases.

So, make sure to visit the doctor every six months for a basic check-up of your teeth. Besides, try to keep it clean every day by brushing in the morning and night. Besides, there are several dental cleaning methods available now.

Dentists examine your teeth and apply professional dental cleaning methods to give your teeth a new look. They work to remove excess plaque and tartar, where bacteria can live. Depending on the number of such elements in your teeth, dentists apply 4 types of dental cleaning methods. Here we show you different dental cleaning methods, cleaning tools, and disadvantages.

4 types of dental cleaning methods:

There are 4 types of dental cleaning methods depending on plaque and tartar in your mouth: As:-


  1. Prophylaxis dental cleaning:

This cleaning is only to prevent disease following some routine. If you have good dental health and want to keep it like that, you can apply this cleaning method. You can apply this cleaning process twice a year to maintain healthy teeth. Some dentists suggest cleaning teeth every six months so that no germs or plaque are developed. How does this cleaning method work?

  • Remove plaque and tartar from the surface of your teeth and in between.
  • Remove germ in between teeth also
  • Remove germ from the tooth surface and gum pocket
  • Remove stains from the surface of your teeth.
  • Smooth out the roots.
  • Apply topical fluoride treatment to strengthen your tooth enamel.



  1. Scaling and root planning cleaning:

Scaling and root planning is a deep cleaning process to treat gingivitis, periodontitis diseases, gum inflammation, and certain oral health complications such as bleeding gums, swollen gums, or loose teeth. You can cure gingivitis only with one visit. But to treat periodontitis, you must visit your dentist several times. How does this method work?

  • Clean hardened plaque
  • Scaling the teeth to remove plaque and tartar from the surface
  • Scaling gum pocket to remove gum disease.
  • Smoothing the tooth roots through root planning to reattach the gum to the teeth.
  • Eliminate gum pocket



  1. Periodontal Maintenance cleaning:

If you suffer from gum disease, your best choice is periodontal Maintenance cleaning. It mainly cures gum disease as periodontitis. But you can’t cure it fully; you can just control it from worsening. If you don’t clean gum at the proper time, then it will get worse day by day.


Teeth Cleaning :

The teeth cleaning are the body’s only defense against decay. Every day, plaque forms on teeth and can lead to cavities if not cared for.

How does this cleaning method work?

  • Control gum disease from getting worse.

It is almost like scanning and root planning that removes plaque and tartar from the tooth surface and gum pocket. It also smoothes out the teeth root after cleaning. Depending on the severity of your gum disease, this cleaning process may happen more frequently.


  • Gross Debridement cleaning:

This cleaning process is the heaviest teeth cleaning process and is more advanced than regular teeth cleaning. If you are suffering from a more serious issue regarding your teeth and don’t visit a doctor for a longer period, you can apply this cleaning process.

How does this method work?

  • Perform oral examination
  • Remove a buildup of hardened plaque on the surface of teeth and between teeth
  • Remove a buildup of hard tarter from the gum pocket and teeth with a special electronic tool.
  • Sometimes anesthesia also can be needed
  • Cleaning with water

After an oral exam, the dentist decides which cleaning method you need for your teeth.


Types of dental cleaning tools:

Dental scaler:

To remove tartar and plaque from the surface of the teeth

A solid stream of water:

To clean all the way

Gritty toothpaste:

To brush and rinse the teeth after cleaning

Dental mirror:

To get a close look at your teeth


Hook-shaped tool to observe gum health, gum pocket depth


Come with a rounded end to remove plaque from the hidden part of your teeth


A polisher gives a smooth finish to your teeth

Saliva ejectors:

Suck away the water and saliva from your mouth like a vacuum while cleaning

Ultrasonic scalers:

A handheld mechanical device to remove stubborn plaque and tartar

Digital x-ray:

To find any issue regarding your teeth before cleaning.


The disadvantage of dental cleaning:

Dental cleaning may cause other problems such as nerve damage, possible infection, pain, and sensitivity for those with poor immunity systems. The deep cleaning process sometime may create bacteria in the bloodstream. It may also cause your gum to recede.


We can say that although there are some disadvantages, it is very limited in number. All these problems are curable. So, if you want to smile with new and polished clean teeth, you must make an appointment with the dentist to apply the best cleaning method, as we mentioned earlier.